In a large mixing bowl, add all ingredients except for the water.
Using a whisk or fork, mix all dry ingredients thoroughly.
* this would include the spices such as dried rosemary and parmesan cheese
Add warm water to the dry ingredients ( add garlic at this time for Recipe #3 Garlic Parmesan Bread ) and mix with a rubber spatula, scraping the edges of the bowl until all the flour is moistened.
The dough should be sticky enough to hold together, if it doesn't just add a small amount of warm water until it holds together 1 teaspoon at a time.
* do not overmix or knead the dough
Cover dough with plastic wrap. Leave the dough for 8-24 hours.
After the fermentation process, the mixture will be bubbly and moist.
Pour dough onto a floured surface using a rubber spatula.
Shape dough into a ball and place on a piece of parchment paper (optional) and cover with plastic wrap.
Place pan in the oven with the lid on.
Preheat oven to 450 degrees Fahrenheit.
When oven is ready, remove pan from the oven and lift the parchment paper with dough into the pan, or place the dough directly in the pan if not using paper. Cover with the lid and place in the oven.
Bake for 30 minutes
Remove lid on pan and bake an additional 15 minutes.
When done, remove bread from the dutch oven and place on a rack to cool completely before slicing.